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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Plantago maritima

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Plantaginaceae, Plantago

Published: 2017-04-28

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: porate,  polarity: -,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): irregular,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): irregular,  infoldings (dry pollen): irregularly infolded,  aperture number: >6,  aperture type: porus,  aperture condition: porate, pantoporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented, annulus, pantoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: verrucate,  nexine: present,  sexine: present,  SEMornamentation SEM: verrucate, microechinate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: compact-discontinuous,  intine: bilayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: absent,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Annotations

foot layer very thin, with channels

Author(s) of diagnosis: Ulrich, Silvia

Pictures

inflorescence(s)

1. inflorescence(s)

inflorescence(s)

2. inflorescence(s)

2-celled pollen

3. 2-celled pollen

acetolysed pollen, upper focus

4. acetolysed pollen, upper focus

acetolysed pollen, optical section

5. acetolysed pollen, optical section

acetolysed pollen, lower focus

6. acetolysed pollen, lower focus

hydrated pollen

7. hydrated pollen

starch

8. starch

hydrated pollen

9. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

10. hydrated pollen

aperture

11. aperture

aperture with ornamented aperture membrane

12. aperture with ornamented aperture membrane

detail of exine surface

13. detail of exine surface

dry pollen grains

14. dry pollen grains

acetolysed pollen, crushed pollen wall with endexine (granular) and ektexine

15. acetolysed pollen, crushed pollen wall with endexine (granular) and ektexine

acetolysed pollen, crushed, detail of endexine

16. acetolysed pollen, crushed, detail of endexine

Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

pollen grains in cross section

18. pollen grains in cross section

pollen wall in cross section, lipids (electron-dense), starch (electron-lucent)

19. pollen wall in cross section, lipids (electron-dense), starch (electron-lucent)

pollen wall, aperture area

20. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

21. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

22. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

23. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area and interapertural area

24. pollen wall, aperture area and interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area

25. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area

26. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area

27. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area

28. pollen wall, interapertural area

Ubisch bodies on loculus wall

29. Ubisch bodies on loculus wall

cytoplasm with vegetative nucleus, starch, lipids

30. cytoplasm with vegetative nucleus, starch, lipids

cytoplasm with generative cell

31. cytoplasm with generative cell

cytoplasm with starch, lipids, mitochondria

32. cytoplasm with starch, lipids, mitochondria

Picture legend

  1. inflorescence(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. inflorescence(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  3. 2-celled pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  4. acetolysed pollen, upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. acetolysed pollen, optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. acetolysed pollen, lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. starch - dry, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. aperture with ornamented aperture membrane - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  13. detail of exine surface - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  14. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  15. acetolysed pollen, crushed pollen wall with endexine (granular) and ektexine - dry, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Zetter, R.
  16. acetolysed pollen, crushed, detail of endexine - dry, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Zetter, R.
  17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. pollen grains in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  19. pollen wall in cross section, lipids (electron-dense), starch (electron-lucent) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  21. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  23. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. pollen wall, aperture area and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. Ubisch bodies on loculus wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. cytoplasm with vegetative nucleus, starch, lipids - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. cytoplasm with generative cell - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. cytoplasm with starch, lipids, mitochondria - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Clarke GCS, Jones MR (1977) Plantaginaceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 24: 129-154
  • Hammer K (1978) Entwicklungstendenzen blütenökologischer Merkmale bei Plantago. Flora 167: 41-56
  • Leereveld H, Meeuse ADJ, Stelleman P (1976) Anthecological relations between reputedly anemophilous flowers and syrphid flies. II. Plantago media L. Acta Bot Neerl 25: 205-211
  • Primack RB (1978) Evolutionary aspects of wind pollination in the genus Plantago (Plantaginaceae). New Phytol 81: 449-458
  • Stelleman P (1984) The significance of biotic pollination in a nominally anemophilous plant: Plantago lanceolata. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wet, ser C 87: 95-119
  • Stelleman P, Meeuse ADJ (1976) Anthecological relations between reputedly anemophilous flowers and syrphid flies. I. The possible role of syrphid flies as pollinators of Plantago. Tijdschr Entom 119: 15-31
  • Ubera JL, Galán C, Guerrero FH (1988) Palynological study of the genus Plantago in the Iberian Peninsula. Grana 27: 1-15
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

ULRICH S., ZETTER R., Plantago maritima. In: PalDat (2017-04-28) - a palynological database. Published on the Internet https://www.paldat.org/pub/Plantago_maritima/303034;jsessionid=2FC6E3550765A439D893334C87713F8B [accessed 2017-08-18]

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