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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Gentianales, Apocynaceae, Vincetoxicum

Published: 2016-11-08

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: pollinium,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: pollinarium,  size (pollen unit): very large (>100 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): -,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  pollen class: -,  polarity: heteropolar,  P/E-ratio: -,  shape: irregular,  outline in polar view: irregular,  dominant orientation (LM): -,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): -,  shape (dry pollen): irregular,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): irregular,  infoldings (dry pollen): irregularly infolded,  aperture number: none,  aperture type: no aperture,  aperture condition: inaperturate,  aperture peculiarities: -

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: -,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: psilate, perforate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: -,  infratectum: -,  foot layer: -,  endexine: -,  intine: -,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -


pollen coatings: -,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: -,  Ubisch bodies: -

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie


flowers of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

1. flowers of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria


2. pollinarium


3. pollinium

exine surface

4. exine surface

exine surface

5. exine surface

dry pollinium

6. dry pollinium

Picture legend

  1. flowers of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, photographer: Svojtka, M.
  2. pollinarium - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. pollinium - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  4. exine surface - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  5. exine surface - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  6. dry pollinium - fresh, photographer: Halbritter, H.


  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Svojtka M. 2016. Vincetoxicum hirundinaria. In: PalDat - A palynological database.;jsessionid=E0E9603214D02B523CC239C8673415B5; accessed 2021-07-27

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