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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Acer saccharinum

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Sapindales, Sapindaceae, Acer

Published: 2016-07-19

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, tricolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane smooth

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: striate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: striate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch, lipids,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Sam, Saskia

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

vegetative nucleus and generative cell

3. vegetative nucleus and generative cell

upper focus

4. upper focus

optical section

5. optical section

lower focus

6. lower focus

polar view

7. polar view

equatorial view

8. equatorial view

detail of aperture

9. detail of aperture

detail of aperture

10. detail of aperture

exine surface

11. exine surface

detail of polar area

12. detail of polar area

dry pollen grains

13. dry pollen grains

polar view (dry pollen grain)

14. polar view (dry pollen grain)

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

anther wall with Ubisch bodies

16. anther wall with Ubisch bodies

pollen grain in cross section

17. pollen grain in cross section

interapertural area of pollen wall

18. interapertural area of pollen wall

apertural area of pollen wall

19. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

20. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

interapertural area of pollen wall

22. interapertural area of pollen wall

vegetative nucleus

23. vegetative nucleus

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  3. vegetative nucleus and generative cell - fresh, unfixed, aceto-carmine, photographer: Sam, S.
  4. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  5. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  6. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  7. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  8. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  9. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  10. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  11. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  12. detail of polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  13. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  14. polar view (dry pollen grain) - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  16. anther wall with Ubisch bodies - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  17. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  18. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  19. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  20. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  22. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Sam, S.
  23. vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.

Literature

  • Biesboer DD (1976) Pollen morphology of the Aceraceae. Grana 15: 19-27
  • Bolotnikova MD (1978) Morphologie du pollen des espèces du genre Acer L., poussant en Extrême Orient. In: Grichuk M.P., Korotkii A.M. (eds) Recherches palynologiques en Extrême Orient, Vladivostok : 27-36
  • Candau P (1987) Aceraceae, Alismataceae, Amaranthaceae, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), Araceae, Araliaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Droseraceae, Fumariaceae, Lentibulariaceae, Linaceae, Lythraceae, Molluginaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Oleaceae, Papaveraceae,
  • Cao W, Zhuo LH, Huang PH, Li GF (1992) Pollen morphology and its taxonomic significance of Acer Linn. from NE China. Bull Bot Res (China) 12: 309-315
  • Clarke GCS, Jones MR (1978) Aceraceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 26: 181-193
  • De J (1976) Flowering and sex expression in Acer. Meded Landbouwhoogeschool 76: 170
  • Helmich DE (1963) Pollen morphology in the maples (Acer L.). Pap Michicgan Acad Sci Arts lett 48: 151-162
  • Hesse M (1978) Ultrastruktur und Verteilung des Pollenkitts in der insekten- und windblütigen Gattung Acer (Aceraceae). Pl Syst Evol 131: 277-289
  • Jacobs CA, Lersten NR (1994) Microsporogenesis and endothecial wall patterns in black maple (Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum, Aceraceae). Bull Torrey Bot Club 121: 180-187
  • Moore GT, La GRLV (1926) The identification of pollen from so-called Hay-fever plants. Ann Miss Bot Gard 13: 355-490
  • Peck CJ, Lersten NR (1991) Gynoecial ontogeny and morphology, and pollen tube pathway in black maple Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum (Aceraceae). Amer J Bot 78: 247-259
  • Philbrick CT, Boyle AL (1981) The pollen morphology of the native New England species of the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Rhodora 83: 237-258
  • Pozhidaev AE (1992) The pollen of the genus Acer (Aceraceae) and isomorphism of deviating forms of pollen in dicotyledons. Bot Journ USSR 77: 84-88
  • Pozhidaev AE (1993) Polymorphism of pollen in the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Isomorphism of deviate forms of angiosperm pollen. Grana 32: 79-85
  • Radulescu D (1967) Recherches morphopalynologiques sur les familles des Anacardiaceae, Aceraceae, et Balsaminaceae. Lucr Grad bot Bucurest : 169-185
  • Svobodová D (1972) Blütenökologie und Kultivaren des Spitzahorns (Acer platanoides L.). Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 2: 163-170
  • Svobodová D (1976) Der Blühverlauf der weiblichen und männlichen Blüten einiger Arten der Gattung Acer L. Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 25: 119-128
  • Svobodová D (1977) Morphologische Veränderlichkeit und die Blütenökologie der Gattung Acer L. Studie CSAV, Academia Praha : 131
  • Wodehouse RP (1945) Hayfever plants. Waltham Mass, USA
  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Sam S. 2016. Acer saccharinum. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Acer_saccharinum/301252;jsessionid=2CA265FC65ABCC799D03D6E1E27FFBBF; accessed 2018-11-20

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