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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Aesculus carnea

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Sapindales, Sapindaceae, Aesculus

Published: 2016-08-05

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: prolate,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: scabrate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: striate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Annotations

shape hydrated prolate to spheroidal

Author(s) of diagnosis: Sam, Saskia

Pictures

inflorescence of Aesculus carnea

1. inflorescence of Aesculus carnea

flowers of Aesculus carnea

2. flowers of Aesculus carnea

upper focus

3. upper focus

optical section

4. optical section

lower focus

5. lower focus

vegetative nucleus and generative cell

6. vegetative nucleus and generative cell

polar view

7. polar view

equatorial view

8. equatorial view

slightly oblique equatorial view

9. slightly oblique equatorial view

aperture

10. aperture

exine surface

11. exine surface

detail of polar area

12. detail of polar area

dry pollen grains

13. dry pollen grains

polar view (dry pollen grain)

14. polar view (dry pollen grain)

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

anther wall with Ubisch bodies

16. anther wall with Ubisch bodies

interapertural area of pollen wall

17. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

18. interapertural area of pollen wall

apertural area of pollen wall

19. apertural area of pollen wall

apertural area of pollen wall

20. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

generative cell (left) and vegetative nucleus

22. generative cell (left) and vegetative nucleus

Picture legend

  1. inflorescence of Aesculus carnea, photographer: Sam, S.
  2. flowers of Aesculus carnea, photographer: Sam, S.
  3. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  4. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  5. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  6. vegetative nucleus and generative cell - fresh, unfixed, aceto-carmine, photographer: Sam, S.
  7. polar view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  8. equatorial view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  9. slightly oblique equatorial view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  10. aperture - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  11. exine surface - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  12. detail of polar area - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  13. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  14. polar view (dry pollen grain) - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  16. anther wall with Ubisch bodies - fresh, DMP & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  17. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  18. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  19. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  20. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Sam, S.
  21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  22. generative cell (left) and vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.

Literature

  • Brizicky GK (1963) The genera of Sapindales in the southeastern United States. J Arn Arb 44: 462-501
  • Heath GLA (1984) The Northwest European Pollen Flora 34. Hippocastanaceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 42: 111-119
  • Hsieh CCW (1979) Pollen morphology and microsporogenesis in Hippocastanaceae. Diss Abstr Int B 40: 562 pp
  • Lewis WH, Vinay P, Zenger VE (1983) Airborne and allergenic pollen of North America. The John Hopkins Univ Press, Baltimore : 254 pp
  • Nilsson S, Praglowski J, Nilsson L (1977) Atlas of airborne pollen grains and spores in Northern Europe. Natur Och Kultur, Stockholm : 159 pp
  • Tarnavschi IT, Serbanescu-Jitariu G (1963) Contributie la cunoasterea structurii morfologice a microsporilor Hippocastanaceelor si Sapindaceelor din Flora R.P.R. Anal Univ Buc Sér Biol 12: 31-36
  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Sam S. 2016. Aesculus carnea. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Aesculus_carnea/301277;jsessionid=3BA47FB7B6130758D2B86E1B61A5A6BC; accessed 2018-11-17

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