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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Anemone nemorosa

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Ranunculales, Ranunculaceae, Anemone

Published: 2016-10-21

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, tricolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: scabrate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: microechinate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch, lipids,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Auer, Angelika

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

polar view (proximal)

2. polar view (proximal)

optical section

3. optical section

polar view (distal)

4. polar view (distal)

pollen grain with generative cell (asterisk) and vegetative nucleus

5. pollen grain with generative cell (asterisk) and vegetative nucleus

polar view

6. polar view

equatorial view

7. equatorial view

detail of colpus membrane

8. detail of colpus membrane

exine surface

9. exine surface

polar view (dry pollen grain)

10. polar view (dry pollen grain)

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

11. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

12. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

apertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

13. apertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

tapetum cells with Ubisch bodies (U)

14. tapetum cells with Ubisch bodies (U)

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Auer, A.
  2. polar view (proximal) - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Auer, A.
  3. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Auer, A.
  4. polar view (distal) - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Auer, A.
  5. pollen grain with generative cell (asterisk) and vegetative nucleus - fixed, formalin-acetic-alcohol, aceto-carmine, photographer: Auer, A.
  6. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  7. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  8. detail of colpus membrane - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  9. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  10. polar view (dry pollen grain) - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  11. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Auer, A.
  12. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Auer, A.
  13. apertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Auer, A.
  14. tapetum cells with Ubisch bodies (U) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Auer, A.

Literature

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  • Fernández I (1986) Contribución al conocimiento palinológico de la familia Ranunculaceae en Andalucía. I. Subfam. Helleboroideae. Lagascalia 14: 13-23
  • Fernandez I (1987) Aquifoliaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Berberidaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Cyperaceae, Fabaceae, Frankeniaceae, Malvaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Paeoniaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Poaceae, Primulaceae, Rafflesiaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rhamnaceae, Santalaceae, Tamaric In: Valdés B., Diez M.J., Fernández I. (eds) Atlas polinico de Andalucia occidental. Inst de Desarrollo Regional 43, Univ de Sevilla
  • Gaur RD, Sharma MP (1985) Studies on palynology of some Ranunculaceae from the Garhwal Himalayas. In: Varghese T.M. (ed) Recent Advances in Pollen Research. Allied Publishers : 315-321
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  • Huynh KL (1974) Emploi des données de la morphologie du pollen actuel à l'appui de la théorie de la dérive des continents. Réflexion méthodologiques. Les genres Impatiens et Anemone. Sci Géol Bull, Strasbourg 27: 185-193
  • Huynh KL (1970) Le pollen du genre Anemone et du genre Hepatica (Ranunculaceae) et leur taxonomie. Pollen et Spores 12: 329-364
  • Khan HA (1991) Palynotaxonomy and phylogeny of Ranunculaceae. Geophytology 21: 207-210
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  • Shirreffs DA (1986) Cytological studies of Anemone nemorosa L. (Ranunculaceae). Bot J Linn Soc 92: 255-262
  • Si IT, Tchang TT (1964) Pollen morphology of the genus Anemone L. Acta Bot Sinica 12: 19-39
  • Tarasevich VF, Chaudhary RP (1987) Palynological study of the genus Anemone (Ranunculaceae) from Nepal in connection with their systematics. Bot Journ USSR 72: 887-897
  • Vishnu-Mittre, Sharma BD (1963) Studies of Indian pollen grains - II. Ranunculaceae. Pollen et Spores 5: 285-296
  • Wodehouse RP (1936) Pollen grains in the identification and classification of plants - VII. Ranunculaceae. Bull Torrey Bot Club 63: 495-514
  • Xi YZ, Zhan CT (1964) Pollen morphology of the genus Anemone L. Acta Bot Sinica 12: 21-32, 6 pl
  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Auer A. 2016. Anemone nemorosa. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Anemone_nemorosa/301694;jsessionid=90A008E5379C9A78DAEB3E776C415F35; accessed 2018-11-15

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