Forgot your password?
 
 
PalDat Logo

PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Cymbalaria muralis

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Plantaginaceae, Cymbalaria

Published: 2016-03-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane smooth

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: reticulate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: reticulate,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: lipids,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Author(s) of diagnosis: Ulrich, Silvia; Halbritter, Heidemarie

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

habitus

2. habitus

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

flower(s)

4. flower(s)

bi-cellular pollen grain

5. bi-cellular pollen grain

hydrated pollen grain in polar view

6. hydrated pollen grain in polar view

upper focus

7. upper focus

optical section

8. optical section

lower focus

9. lower focus

hydrated pollen grain in polar view

10. hydrated pollen grain in polar view

pollen grain with pollenkitt

11. pollen grain with pollenkitt

hydrated pollen grains

12. hydrated pollen grains

hydrated pollen grain in polar view

13. hydrated pollen grain in polar view

polar view (oblique)

14. polar view (oblique)

hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

15. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

equatorial view

16. equatorial view

aperture

17. aperture

aperture

18. aperture

detail of aperture

19. detail of aperture

detail of aperture

20. detail of aperture

exine surface

21. exine surface

exine surface

22. exine surface

exine surface

23. exine surface

polar area

24. polar area

polar area

25. polar area

dry pollen grains

26. dry pollen grains

dry pollen grains

27. dry pollen grains

cross section of pollen grain

28. cross section of pollen grain

pollen wall

29. pollen wall

pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb

30. pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb

pollen wall, aperture area

31. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate

32. pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate

pollen wall, interapertural area

33. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb

34. pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb

pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate

35. pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate

vegetative nucleus

36. vegetative nucleus

generative cell, starch and lipids

37. generative cell, starch and lipids

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Svojtka, M.
  4. flower(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. bi-cellular pollen grain - dry, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. hydrated pollen grain in polar view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich S.
  8. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich S.
  9. lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich S.
  10. hydrated pollen grain in polar view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. pollen grain with pollenkitt - dry, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. hydrated pollen grains - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  13. hydrated pollen grain in polar view - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  14. polar view (oblique) - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  16. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  17. aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  19. detail of aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. detail of aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  21. exine surface - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  23. exine surface - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  25. polar area - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  27. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. cross section of pollen grain - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. pollen wall, aperture area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  33. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  34. pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with U + Pb - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  35. pollen wall, interapertural area; endexine electron dense after staining with potassium permanganate - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  36. vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  37. generative cell, starch and lipids - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Ulrich S., Halbritter H., Svojtka M. 2016. Cymbalaria muralis. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Cymbalaria_muralis/300527;jsessionid=704B7CA4AA84CBA299FC91D1626D2AF9; accessed 2018-11-15

Previous Publications