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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Plantago lanceolata

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Plantaginaceae, Plantago

Published: 2016-03-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: porate,  polarity: -,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): irregular,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): irregular,  infoldings (dry pollen): irregularly infolded,  aperture number: >6,  aperture type: porus,  aperture condition: porate, pantoporate,  aperture peculiarities: operculum, annulus, pantoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: verrucate,  nexine: present,  sexine: present,  SEMornamentation SEM: verrucate, microechinate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: granular,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: compact-discontinuous,  intine: bilayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: absent,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch,  cell number: 3-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Annotations

infratectum granular or absent; endexine only clearly visible in aperture area

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie; Ulrich, Silvia

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

habitus

2. habitus

inflorescence(s)

3. inflorescence(s)

3-celled pollen

4. 3-celled pollen

acetolysed pollen, upper focus

5. acetolysed pollen, upper focus

acetolysed pollen, optical section

6. acetolysed pollen, optical section

acetolysed pollen, lower focus

7. acetolysed pollen, lower focus

hydrated pollen

8. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

9. hydrated pollen

detection of starch

10. detection of starch

detection of starch

11. detection of starch

hydrated pollen grains

12. hydrated pollen grains

hydrated pollen grain

13. hydrated pollen grain

hydrated pollen

14. hydrated pollen

aperture

15. aperture

aperture

16. aperture

aperture

17. aperture

aperture

18. aperture

exine surface

19. exine surface

dry pollen grains

20. dry pollen grains

dry pollen

21. dry pollen

Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

22. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

23. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

cross section of pollen grain

24. cross section of pollen grain

pollen wall, aperture area

25. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

26. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, interapertural area

27. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, interapertural area

28. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, aperture area

29. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area, pollenkitt

30. pollen wall, aperture area, pollenkitt

pollen wall, aperture area

31. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, interapertural area

32. pollen wall, interapertural area

pollen wall, Ubisch bodies on loculus wall

33. pollen wall, Ubisch bodies on loculus wall

pollen wall, interapertural area, pollenkitt, Ubisch bodies

34. pollen wall, interapertural area, pollenkitt, Ubisch bodies

cytoplasma, vegetative nucleus, sperm cell, starch

35. cytoplasma, vegetative nucleus, sperm cell, starch

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  3. inflorescence(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  4. 3-celled pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. acetolysed pollen, upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. acetolysed pollen, optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. acetolysed pollen, lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. detection of starch - dry, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. detection of starch - dry, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. hydrated pollen grains - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  13. hydrated pollen grain - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  14. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  15. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  16. aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  17. aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  19. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  20. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  21. dry pollen - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  23. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. cross section of pollen grain - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. pollen wall, aperture area, pollenkitt - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  33. pollen wall, Ubisch bodies on loculus wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  34. pollen wall, interapertural area, pollenkitt, Ubisch bodies - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  35. cytoplasma, vegetative nucleus, sperm cell, starch - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Clarke GCS, Jones MR (1977) Plantaginaceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 24: 129-154
  • Hammer K (1978) Entwicklungstendenzen blütenökologischer Merkmale bei Plantago. Flora 167: 41-56
  • Leereveld H, Meeuse ADJ, Stelleman P (1976) Anthecological relations between reputedly anemophilous flowers and syrphid flies. II. Plantago media L. Acta Bot Neerl 25: 205-211
  • Primack RB (1978) Evolutionary aspects of wind pollination in the genus Plantago (Plantaginaceae). New Phytol 81: 449-458
  • Stelleman P (1984) The significance of biotic pollination in a nominally anemophilous plant: Plantago lanceolata. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wet, ser C 87: 95-119
  • Stelleman P, Meeuse ADJ (1976) Anthecological relations between reputedly anemophilous flowers and syrphid flies. I. The possible role of syrphid flies as pollinators of Plantago. Tijdschr Entom 119: 15-31
  • Ubera JL, Galán C, Guerrero FH (1988) Palynological study of the genus Plantago in the Iberian Peninsula. Grana 27: 1-15
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Ulrich S. 2016. Plantago lanceolata. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Plantago_lanceolata/300502;jsessionid=0F8661625B582693C9F159B0BEB2C745; accessed 2018-11-13

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