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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Primula elatior

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Ericales, Primulaceae, Primula

Links: http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at/seiten-arten/primula-elatior.htm

Published: 2021-06-23

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): 11-15 µm, 16-20 µm,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): 11-15 µm,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 16-20 µm,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 16-20 µm,  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  P/E-ratio: -,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  dominant orientation (LM): oblique,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): prolate,  shape (dry pollen): -,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: >6,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, stephanocolpate,  aperture peculiarities: -

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: scabrate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: microreticulate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: -,  infratectum: -,  foot layer: -,  endexine: -,  intine: -,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: -,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: -,  Ubisch bodies: -

Annotations: number of apertures varies from 5 to 7; longstyled flower; heterostyly

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie; Heigl, Helmut; Auer, Waltraud

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

hydrated pollen

2. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

3. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

4. hydrated pollen

slightly oblique polar view; 7 colpi

5. slightly oblique polar view; 7 colpi

slightly oblique polar view; 5 colpi

6. slightly oblique polar view; 5 colpi

equatorial view

7. equatorial view

detail of aperture

8. detail of aperture

exine surface

9. exine surface

dry pollen grains

10. dry pollen grains

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  2. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, unstained, photographer: Heigl, H.
  3. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  4. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  5. slightly oblique polar view; 7 colpi - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  6. slightly oblique polar view; 5 colpi - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  7. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  8. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  9. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  10. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.

Literature

  • Bahadur B, Bangaru LS, Ramaswamy N (1984) Pollen morphology and heterostyly - a systematic and critical account. Adv Pollen - Spore Res 12: 79-126
  • Bahadur B, Swamy NR (1993) Pollen exine dimorphism in ten heterostylous species. J Palynol 29: 77-88
  • Fernandez I, Garcia-Martin F (1985) Morfología polínica de la familia Primulaceae en Andalucía occidental. An Asoc Palinol Leng Esp 2: 107-115
  • Filina NN, Permjakov AI (1970) Morphologie des grains de pollen de quelques Myrtaceae et Primulaceae. Vest mosk Univ 6 25: 47-52
  • Kao MT, De VCE (1970) The Primulaceae of Taiwan. Taiwania 15: 51-72
  • Pandey KK, Troughton JH (1974) Scanning electron microscopic observations of pollen grains and stigma in the self incompatible heteromorphic species Primula malacoides Franch. and Forsythia x intermedia Zab and genetics of sporopollenin deposition. Euphytica 23: 337-344
  • Piper J, Charlesworth B (1986) The evolution of distyly in Primula vulgaris. Biol J Linn Soc 29: 123-137
  • Punt W, De LVWJS, Van Oostrum WAP (1974) Primulaceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol, NEPF 17: 31-70
  • Richards J (1993) Primula. Batsford Ltd, London : 299 pp
  • Spanowsky W (1962) Die Bedeutung der Pollenmorphologie für die Taxonomie der Primulaceae-Primuloideae. Feddes Rep 65: 149-214
  • Subramanyam K, Narayana LL (1968) Floral anatomy and embryology of Primula floribunda Wall. Phytomorphology 18: 105-113
  • Tarnavschi IT, Mitroiu N (1960) Considérations palynologiques sur les représentants de la famille des Primulacées de la flora Roumaine. Com Ac RPR 10: 111-118
  • Wendelbo P (1961) Studies in Primulaceae - II. An account of Primula subgenus Sphondylia with a review of the subdivisions of the genus. Ab Univ Bergen matnaturv Ser 11: 1-49
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Heigl H., Auer W. 2021. Primula elatior. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Primula_elatior/306329;jsessionid=1BE50257D07B3109E740463282D782FF; accessed 2021-10-17

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