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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Salvia verticillata

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae, Salvia

Published: 2016-03-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: oblate,  outline in polar view: elliptic,  shape (dry pollen): oblate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): elliptic,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 6,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, hexacolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented, stephanoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: reticulate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: reticulate, microreticulate, bireticulate,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: lipids,  cell number: 3-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Author(s) of diagnosis: Ulrich, Silvia

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

inflorescence(s)

2. inflorescence(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

sperm cells

4. sperm cells

upper focus

5. upper focus

optical section

6. optical section

lower focus

7. lower focus

polar view

8. polar view

equatorial view

9. equatorial view

pollenkitt

10. pollenkitt

pollenkitt

11. pollenkitt

polar view

12. polar view

slightly oblique equatorial view

13. slightly oblique equatorial view

equatorial view

14. equatorial view

equatorial view

15. equatorial view

detail of aperture

16. detail of aperture

exine surface

17. exine surface

polar area

18. polar area

dry pollen grains and anther hairs

19. dry pollen grains and anther hairs

dry pollen grains

20. dry pollen grains

cross section of pollen grains

21. cross section of pollen grains

cross section of pollen grain with vegetative nucleus

22. cross section of pollen grain with vegetative nucleus

pollen wall; aperture area

23. pollen wall; aperture area

pollen wall; aperture area

24. pollen wall; aperture area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

25. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

26. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall; interapertural area

27. pollen wall; interapertural area

pollen wall; interapertural area

28. pollen wall; interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

29. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

vegetative nucleus

30. vegetative nucleus

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. inflorescence(s), photographer: Tweraser, E.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Tweraser, E.
  4. sperm cells - dry, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. polar view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. equatorial view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. pollenkitt - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. pollenkitt - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  13. slightly oblique equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  14. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  15. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  16. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  17. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  19. dry pollen grains and anther hairs - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  21. cross section of pollen grains - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. cross section of pollen grain with vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  23. pollen wall; aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. pollen wall; aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. pollen wall; interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. pollen wall; interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Ulrich S., Tweraser E. 2016. Salvia verticillata. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Salvia_verticillata/300513;jsessionid=A5695DD93DC6AEEA0930D2A28F6548C0; accessed 2018-11-18

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