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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Scrophularia nodosa

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Scrophulariaceae, Scrophularia

Published: 2016-02-08

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane smooth

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: reticulate,  nexine: present,  sexine: present,  SEMornamentation SEM: reticulate,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: compact-discontinuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Annotations

anthers of different flowers contained only young microspores, pollen small to medium-sized

Author(s) of diagnosis: Ulrich, Silvia; Halbritter, Heidemarie

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

inflorescence(s)

2. inflorescence(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

 upper focus

4. upper focus

 optical section

5. optical section

 lower focus

6. lower focus

2-celled pollen

7. 2-celled pollen

hydrated pollen

8. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen, polar view

9. hydrated pollen, polar view

tetrad

10. tetrad

no starch detected

11. no starch detected

hydrated pollen, polar view

12. hydrated pollen, polar view

polar view

13. polar view

hydrated pollen, equatorial view

14. hydrated pollen, equatorial view

equatorial view

15. equatorial view

aperture

16. aperture

aperture

17. aperture

detail of aperture

18. detail of aperture

exine surface

19. exine surface

exine surface

20. exine surface

exine surface

21. exine surface

polar area

22. polar area

polar area

23. polar area

dry pollen

24. dry pollen

dry pollen grains

25. dry pollen grains

cross section of pollen grains

26. cross section of pollen grains

cross section of pollen grain (young microspore)

27. cross section of pollen grain (young microspore)

cross section of pollen grain (young microspore)

28. cross section of pollen grain (young microspore)

pollen wall, aperture area

29. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

30. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall, aperture area

31. pollen wall, aperture area

pollen wall

32. pollen wall

pollen wall, endexine clearly visible

33. pollen wall, endexine clearly visible

pollen wall, interapertural area, vegetative nucleus

34. pollen wall, interapertural area, vegetative nucleus

pollen wall, interapertural area

35. pollen wall, interapertural area

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. inflorescence(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  4. upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. 2-celled pollen - dry, unfixed, aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. hydrated pollen - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. hydrated pollen, polar view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. tetrad - dry, unfixed, iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. no starch detected - dry, unfixed, iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. hydrated pollen, polar view - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  13. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  14. hydrated pollen, equatorial view - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  15. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  16. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  17. aperture - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  19. exine surface - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  21. exine surface - fresh, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  23. polar area - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. dry pollen - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  26. cross section of pollen grains - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. cross section of pollen grain (young microspore) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. cross section of pollen grain (young microspore) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. pollen wall, aperture area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  33. pollen wall, endexine clearly visible - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  34. pollen wall, interapertural area, vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  35. pollen wall, interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

    Copyright and Citation

    Cite this publication as:

    Ulrich S., Halbritter H. 2016. Scrophularia nodosa. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Scrophularia_nodosa/300424;jsessionid=1EB15B386C9438B55161514FD9B0F995; accessed 2018-11-13

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