PalDat Logo

PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Ulmus glabra

Taxonomy: Spermatophyta, Urticales, Ulmaceae, Ulmus

Published: 2005-06-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): -,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  pollen class: -,  polarity: heteropolar,  P/E-ratio: -,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  dominant orientation (LM): -,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): oblate,  shape (dry pollen): -,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): irregular,  infoldings (dry pollen): -,  aperture number: 5,  aperture type: -,  aperture condition: porate,  aperture peculiarities: -

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: -,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: verrucate, granulate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: -,  foot layer: -,  endexine: -,  intine: -,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: absent,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: -,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, H.

Pictures

polar view

1. polar view

equatorial view

2. equatorial view

aperture

3. aperture

exine surface

4. exine surface

dry pollen grains

5. dry pollen grains

Picture legend

  1. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  2. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  4. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  5. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.

Literature

  • Adams RJ, Morton JK (1974) An atlas of pollen of the trees and shrubs of Eastern Canada and the adjacent United States. Univ Waterloo Biol Ser 9: 1-53
  • Allen MY (1937) European bee plants and their pollen. Bee Kingdom League, Alexandria, Egypt : 164 pp
  • Andrew R (1984) A practical pollen guide to the British flora. Quaternary Res Bull Technical Guide I: 1-139
  • Armbruster L, Jacobs J () Pollenformen und Honigherkunftbestimmung. Bücher des Archivs für Bienenkunde, Berlin 2: 1-122
  • Aytug B, Aykut S, Merev N, Edis G (1971) Atlas des pollens des environs d'Istanbul. Istanbul Universitesi, Orman Fakultesi publication : 1-330
  • Barber KE (1976) History of vegetation. In: Chapman S.B. (ed) Methods in Plant Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publ, Oxford : 5-84
  • Bassett IJ, Crompton CW, Parmelee JA (1978) An atlas of airborne pollen grains and common fungus spores of Canada. Research Branch, Canada Dept Agriculture, Monograph 18: 321 pp
  • Belmonte J, Pérez-Obiol R, Roure JM (1986) Claves para la determinación de los polenes de las principales especies melíferas de la Península Ibérica. Orsis 2: 27-54
  • Bertsch K (1942) Lehrbuch der Pollenanalyse. Handbücher der praktischen Vorgeschichtsforschung. Verlag Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart 3: 195 pp
  • Cefalu M, Smiraglia CB (1963) Pollini aerodiffusi e le pollinosi. Instituto d'Igiene dell'Universita Palermo : 214 pp
  • Cerceau MT, Derouet L (1988) Grains de pollen allergisants. In: Allergie immédiate ou hypersensibilité anaphylactique par B. David. Le Point sur l'allergie. Influence de l'environnement, CNRS : 25-43
  • Cerceau-Larrival MT, Derouet L (1988) Relation possible entre les éléments inorganiques détectés par Spectrométrie X à Sélection d'Energie et l'allergénicité des pollens. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Paris 9: 133-152
  • Cerceau-Larrival MT, Derouet L (1988) Influence de la pollution environnementale sur la composition minérale des pollens allergisants de Dactylis glomerata L. (Gramineae). Conséquences éventuelles en immuno-allergie. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Paris 9: 153-162
  • Diez MJ (1987) Agavaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apocynaceae, Arecaceae (Palmae), Asclepiadaceae, Asteraceae (Compositae), Betulaceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), Callitrichaceae, Campanulaceae, Capparaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Ceratophyllaceae, Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) In: Valdés B., Díez M.J., Fernández I. (eds) Atlas polínico de Andalucía occidental. Inst de Desarrollo Regional 43, Univ de Sevilla
  • Dimbleby G (1967) Plants and Archaeology. John Baker, London : 187 pp
  • Dokturowsky W, Kudrjaschow W (1924) Schlüssel zur Bestimmung der Baumpollen im Torf. Geol Arch 3: 180-183
  • Driessen MNBM, Derksen JWM, Spieksma FTM, Roetman E (1988) Pollenatlas van de Nederlandse atmosfeer. Fisons Pharmaceuticals BV, Leusden : 237 pp
  • Driessen MNBM, Derksen JWM, Spieksma FTM, Roetman E (1988) Pollenatlas van de Nederlandse atmosfeer. CIP-gegevens Koninklijke Bibliotek, Den Haag : 237 pp
  • Edgeworth MP (1877) Pollen. Hardwicke & Bogue, London : 92 pp, 24 pl
  • Ehrenberg CE (1953) Studies on elm Pollen. Bot Not : 308-316
  • Erdtman G (1943) An introduction to pollen analysis. The Ronald Press Company, New York
  • Erdtman G (1952) Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Angiosperms. Almquist & Wiksell, Stockholm
  • Erdtman G (1954) Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Bot Not : 65-81
  • Erdtman G (1969) Handbook of Palynology. Morphology - Taxonomy - Ecology. An introduction to the study of pollen grains and spores. Munksgaard édit, Copenhagen : 486 pp
  • Erdtman G (1936) New methods in pollen analysis. Svensk Bot Tidskr 30: 154-164
  • Erdtman GEA (1961) An introduction to a scandinavian pollen flora. Grana Palynologica 2: 3-92
  • Erdtman GEA (1963) An introduction to a scandinavian pollen flora - II. Almquist & Wiksell, Uppsala : 1-89
  • Fægri KEA (1964) Text book of pollen analysis. Scandinavian University Books, Munksgaard : 1-237
  • Fischer H (1890) Beiträge zur vergleichenden Morphologie der Pollenkörner. Breslau (Thesis) : 1-72
  • Fritzsche J (1832) Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Pollen. Berlin, Stettin und Elbing : 48 pp, 2 pl
  • Gagnepain F (1898) A travers les pollens indigènes. Bull Soc Hist Nat Autun 11: 217-238
  • Gonzalez RML, Candau P (1990) Aportaciones al catálogo aeropolínico de Sevilla. Plantas ornamentales. In: Polen, esporas y sus aplicaciones. VII Simposio de Palinologia, Granada : 335-346
  • Gupta HP, Sharma C (1986) Pollen flora of North-West Himalaya. Indian Association of Palynostratigraphers, Lucknow : 181 pp, 29 pl
  • Hassall AH (1842) Observations on the structure of the pollen granule, considered principally in reference to its eligibility as a means of classification. Ann Mag Nat Hist 8 & 9: 92-108, 544-573
  • Hayden A, Martin JN (1930) Structure and composition of pollen grains of vernal plants Iowa Geol Surv Bull 7: 991-1000
  • Hodges D (1974) The pollen loads of the honeybee. Bee Research Association, London : 150 pp
  • Huang TC (1968) Pollen grains of Formosan plants. IV. Taiwania 14: 133-270
  • Huang TC (1972) Pollen flora of Taiwan. National Taiwan Univ, Botany Dept Press : 297 pp
  • Hyde HA (1955) Oncus, a new term in pollen morphology. New Phytol 54: 255-256
  • Hyde HA, Adams KF (1958) An atlas of airborne pollen grains. Macmillan & Co Ltd, London I-XVI: 1-112
  • Ikuse M (1954) General survey list of pollen grains in Japan (1). J Jap Bot 29: 353-362, 1 fig
  • Ikuse M (1956) Pollen grains of Japan. Hirokawa Publishing Co, Tokyo I-XII: 1-304
  • Izco J, Ladero M, Saenz DRC (1976) Los Polenes. Publ Dept Alergia Abello SA, Madrid : 1-41, 6 pl
  • Izco J, Ladero M, Saenz DRC (1972) Flora alergogena de Espana. Anal Real Acad Farmacia 38: 521-570
  • Jimbo J (1933) The diagnoses of the pollen of forest trees. I Sci Rep Tôhuku Univ 8: 287-296
  • Jonas F (1952) Atlas zur Bestimmung rezenter und fossiler Pollen und Sporen. Feddes Repert 133: 1-60, 57 pl
  • Jones GD, Bryant VM, Lieux MH, Jones SD, Lingren PD (1995) Pollen of the Southeastern United States: with emphasis on melissopalynology and entomopalynology. AASP Contrib Series 30: 76 pp, 104 pl
  • Kapp RO (1969) How to know pollen and spores. Nature series. Wm C Brown Company publisher, Dubuque, Iowa X: 249 pp, 499 figs
  • Kedves M, Pardutz A (1974) Ultrastructural studies on Amentiflorae pollen grains, II. Acta Biol Szeged 20: 69-80
  • Königsson LK (1971) Palynology, biological variation and pollen analysis. Grana 11: 180-185
  • Kuprianova LA (1965) The palynology of the Amentiferae. Nauka, Akad Sci USSR, VL Komarov Inst Bot : 214 pp
  • Kuprianova LA, Alyoshina LA (1978) Pollen dicotyledonearum Florae Partis Europaeae USSR. Lamiaceae - Zygophyllaceae. Nauka, Akad Sci USSR, VL Komarov Inst Bot : 184 pp
  • Lewis WH, Vinay P, Zenger VE (1983) Airborne and allergenic pollen of North America. The John Hopkins Univ Press, Baltimore : 254 pp
  • Lian YH (1982) Apocynaceae, Bignoniaceae, Goodeniaceae, Lardizabalaceae, Menispermaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Papilionaceae, Rubiaceae, Samydaceae, Santalaceae, Sargentodoxaceae, Simaroubaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Ulmaceae. In: Angiosperm pollen flora of tropic and subtropic China. Inst Bot South China : 34-48, 60-65, 165-166, 183-186, 213-217, 244-246, 265-289, 305-325, 335-339, 351, 353-355, 375-377, 381-383
  • Lieux MH (1980) An atlas of pollen of trees, shrubs and woody vines of Louisiana and other Southeastern States. Pollen et Spores 22: 17-57, 191-243
  • Macko S (1957) Lower miocene pollen flora from the valley of Klodnica near Gliwice (Upper Silesia). Trav Soc Sci et Lettres de Wroclaw, Ser B 88: 1-314
  • Maloney BK (1984) Pollen of Ulmus (Ulmaceae) in the subfossil record from North Sumatra - a note. Blumea 30: 69-70
  • Mandrioli P, Puppi G (1978) Pollini allergenici in Emilia-Romagna. Dipartimento ambiente-territoria-trasporti della Regione Emilia-Romagna 13: 1-79
  • Mcandrews J, Berti AA, Norris G (1973) Key to the Quaternary pollen and spores of the great lakes region. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada : 61 pp
  • Meinke H (1927) Atlas und Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Pollenalytik. Bot Arch 19: 380-499, 50 pl
  • Mohl H (1834) Über den Bau und die Formen der Pollenkörner. Beiträge zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Gewächse. Erstes Heft. Bern 4: 130 pp, 6 pl
  • Mohl H (1835) Sur la structure et les formes des graines de pollen. Ann Sci Nat, Ser 2 3: 148-180, 220-236, 304-346
  • Monoszon MC (1959) A description of the pollen of representatives of the family Ulmaceae growing in the USSR. Tr Inst Geogr Acad Nauk, USSR 77: 187-198
  • Moore GT, La GRLV (1926) The identification of pollen from so-called Hay-fever plants. Ann Miss Bot Gard 13: 355-490
  • Moore PD, Webb JA (1978) An illustrated guide to pollen analysis. Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, Kent : 133 pp
  • Moore PD, Webb JA, Collinson ME (1991) Pollen analysis. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Second Edition : 216 pp
  • Nagamitsu T, Nagamasu H (1994) Keys for the pollen of Ashiu, Central Japan. Contrib Biol Lab Kyoto Univ 28: 261-355
  • Nair PKK (1965) Pollen grains of Western Himalayan Plants. Asia Monographs, India 1 VIII: 1-102
  • Nair PKK (1966) Essentials of Palynology. Asia Publishing House, Lucknow
  • Nakamura J (1980) Diagnostic characters of pollen grains of Japan - I & II. Spec Publ Osaka Mus Nat Hist 13: 91 pp
  • Nakamura J (1943) Diagnostic characters of pollen grains. Sci Rep Tôhuku Univ, 4th ser 17: 491-512
  • Nakamura J (1980) Diagnostic characters of pollen grains of Japan - I & II. Spec Publ Osaka Mus Nat Hist 12: 157 pl
  • Nieto RM, Diaz DLGC, Blanca G (1988) Identificación de los polenes de la flora ornemental de la ciudad de Granada. Ars Pharmaceutica 29: 93-105
  • Nilsson S, Praglowski J, Nilsson L (1977) Atlas of airborne pollen grains and spores in Northern Europe. Natur Och Kultur, Stockholm : 159 pp
  • Ogden EC, Raynor GSP, Hayes JV, Lewis DM, Haines JH (1974) Manual for sampling airborne pollen. Hafner Press, New York : 182 pp
  • Pehlivan S (1995) Türkiye'nin alerjen polenleri atlasi. In: Heywood V.H., Harborne J.B., Turner B.L. (eds) Matbaacilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. Sirketi, Ankara : 191 pp
  • Pilcher JR (1968) Some applications of scanning electron microscopy to the study of modern and fossil pollens. Ulster Journal of Archaeology 31: 87-91, IX-XX pl
  • Pla DJM (1961) Pollen. Talleres graficos DCP, Gerona
  • Pokrovskaiai IM (1950) Analyse pollinique (Traduction par E. Boltenhagen). Annales du Service d'Information géologique du BRGGM 24: 1-435
  • Praglowski J (1956) Notes on the pollen morphology of Swedish trees and shrubs. Grana Palynol 3: 45-65
  • Punt W, Blackmore S, Nilsson S, Le TA (1994) Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. LPP Contributions Series, LPP Foundation, Utrecht 1: 71 pp
  • Ralska-Jasiewiczowa M (1980) Late - glacial and Holocene vegetation of Bieszczady Mts. (Polish Eastern Carpathians). Polska Akad Nauk : 202 pp
  • Reille M (1990) Lecons de palynologie et d'analyse pollinique. CNRS Paris : 206 pp
  • Reille M (1992) Pollen et spores d'Europe et d'Afrique du Nord. Laboratoire de Botanique historique et Palynologie, Marseille : 520 pp, 446 pl
  • Renault-Miskovsky J, Petzold M (1989) Spores et Pollen. Editions La Duraulié, Cabriés, France : 360 pp
  • Richard P (1970) Atlas pollinique des arbres et de quelques arbustes indigènes du Quebec - III. Angiosperms (Salicacées, Myricacées, Juglandacées, Corylacées, Fagacées, Ulmacées). Nat Canad 97: 97-161
  • Rowley JR (1996) Exine origin, development and structure in pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. In: Jansonius J., McGregor D.C. (eds) Palynology: principles and applications. Amer Assoc Stratigr Palynol Foundation 1: 443-462
  • Rowley JR, Rowley JS (1983) Modification of the exine during germination of pollen grains of Ulmus. In: Mulcahy D.L., Ottaviano E. (eds) Pollen biology and implications for plant breeding. Elsevier Sci Publ Co : 173-182
  • Rowley JR, Rowley JS (1986) Ontogenetic development of microspores of Ulmus (Ulmaceae). In: Blackmore S., Ferguson I.K. (eds) Pollen and spores: Form and Function. Acad Press, London : 19-33
  • Rowley JR, Rowley JS, Skvarla JJ (1990) Corroded exines from Havinga's leaf mold experiment. Palynology 14: 53-79
  • Saenz DRC (1976) Sobre la nomenclatura palinologica: la esporodermis. Anal Inst bot AJ Cavanilles 33: 159-177
  • Saenz DRC (1978) Polen y esporas. Introduccion a la palinologia y vocabulario palinologico. In: Blume H. (ed) Rosario 17: 220 pp
  • Sawyer R (1981) Pollen identification for bee keepers. Univ College Cardiff Press : 111 pp
  • Sears PB (1930) Common fossil pollen of the Erie basin. Bot Gaz 89: 95-106
  • Shimakura M (1973) Palynomorphs of Japanese plants. Spec Publ Osaka Mus Nat Hist 5: 1-60
  • Skvarla JJ, Rowley JR, Chissoe WF (1996) Corroded exines from Havinga's leaf mold experiment. SEM. Palynology 20: 191-207
  • Sladkov AN (1962) On spore and pollen-morphology of recent plants in the USSR. Moskow Univ, Moskow : 256 pp
  • Stachurska A, Szczypek P, Sadowska A (1970) Kartoteka Palynologiczna Roslin Polskich. Opolskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciol Nauk, Zeszyty Przyrodnicze 10: 117-149
  • Stafford PJ (1995) The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 53. Ulmaceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 88: 25-46
  • Stockmarr J (1970) Species identification of Ulmus pollen. Dan Geol Unders 4: 1-19
  • Stockmarr J (1975) SEM studies on pollen grains of Northern European Ulmus species. Grana 14: 103-107
  • Straka H (1975) Pollen- und Sporenkunde. - Grundbegriffe der modernen Biologie. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart 13: 238 pp
  • Straka H (1981) Zur Pollenkunde (Palynologie) der in Band III/1 behandelten Familien. In: Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa. Band III (1). Gustav Hegi : 488-504
  • Surova TG (1975) Recherche microscope électronique sur les pollens et les spores. Akad Nauk USSR Sov Bot Sadov Inst Geogr Nauka, Moskva : 87 pp, 52 pl
  • Taggert RE (1971) Automation of identification procedures in palynology using taxonomic data matrices. In: Beaman J.H. (ed) Some applications for the taxonomic data matrix. Flora North America Report 63: 67-90
  • Takahashi M (1989) Pollen morphology of Celtidaceae and Ulmaceae: a reinvestigation. In: Evolution, Systematics, and fossil History of the Hamamelidae. Vol 2: 'Higher'
  • Takahashi M (1989) Development of the echinate pollen wall in Farfugium japonicum (Compositae: Senecioneae). Bot Mag Tokyo 102: 219-234
  • Takeoka M (1965) Electron microscopic investigations on the surface structure of pollen membrane of trees. Sci Rept Kyoto Univ, Agr 17: 43-69
  • Tarnavschi I, Serbanescu-Jitariu G, Mitroiu-Radulescu N, Radulescu D (1975) Die Morphologie des Pollens und deren Bedeutung für die Bestäubung der Bienenpflanzen von Rumänien. CR III Symp International sur la pollinisation. Prague, 1974. Bull Tech apicole (Suppl) 2: 293-316
  • Tarnavschi IT, Serbanescu-Jitariu G, Mitroiu N, Radulescu D (1967) Zur Pollenmorphologie der Urticales aus der Flora Rumäniens. Rev Roum Biol, Bot 12: 251-262
  • Traverse A (1955) Pollen analysis of the Brandon lignite of Vermont. USDI Rep Invest 5151: 107 pp
  • Traverse A (1988) Spores/Pollen morphology. In: Paleopalynology. Unwin Human Ltd, London : 60-116
  • Trigo MM, Fernandez I (1994) Contribución al estudio polínico de especies ornamentales con interés alergógeno cultivadas en Málaga: Dicotiledóneas. Acta Bot Malacitana 19: 145-168
  • Ueno J (1975) The fine structure of pollen surface. VI Amentiferae. Rep Fac Sci Shizuoka Univ 10: 109-118
  • Ueno J (1975) The fine structure of pollen surface. VII Convolvulaceae. Rep Fac Sci Shizuoka Univ 10: 119-127
  • Ueno J (1963) The stratigraphical structure of the pollen walls of Dicotyledoneae - I: Ranales and Amentiferae. Acta Phytotax Geobot 19: 137-141
  • Ueno J (1978) Study of palynology. Kazama Shoba Publ Co, Tokyo : 528 pp
  • Van Campo M (1950) Recherches sur la phylogénie des Abiétinées d'après leurs grains de pollen. Trav Lab For Toulouse II: 1-182
  • Van Campo M (1948) Considerations générales sur l'évolution des grains de pollen. Trav Lab For Toulouse I: 1-8
  • Wang FH (1960) Pollen grains of China. : 276 pp
  • Wang PL, Pu FT (1995) Pollen morphology of Bupleurum L. from Sino-Himalaya and it systematic significance. Chin J Appl Environ Biol 1: 34-43
  • Wodehouse RP (1935) Pollen grains. Hafner publishing Co, New York : 1-574
  • Wodehouse RP (1945) Hayfever plants. Waltham Mass, USA
  • Xin YQ, Zhang YL, Xi YZ (1993) Studies on the pollen morphology of the genus Ulmus L. in China and its taxonomic significance. Acta Bot Sinica 35: 91-95
  • Zavada M (1983) Pollen morphology of Ulmaceae. Grana 22: 23-30
  • Zavada MS (1983) Comparative morphology of monocot pollen and evolutionary trends of apertures and wall structures. Bot Rev 49: 331-379
  • Zavada MS, Crepet WL (1981) Eocene of N. America: flowers of the Celtidoideae. Amer J Bot 68: 924-933
  • Zavada MS, Dilcher DL (1986) Comparative pollen morphology and its relationship to phylogeny of pollen in the Hamamelidae. Ann Miss Bot Gard 73: 348-381
  • Zavada MS, Kim M (1996) Phylogenetic analysis of Ulmaceae. Pl Syst Evol 200: 13-20

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H. 2005. Ulmus glabra. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Ulmus_glabra/113694;jsessionid=B303BBF2852B59765E418CBB734AF82F; accessed 2020-09-23

Newer Publications