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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Viola canina

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Malpighiales, Violaceae, Viola

Published: 2016-05-31

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: -,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: perforate,  TEMtectum: -,  infratectum: -,  foot layer: -,  endexine: -,  intine: -,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: -,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: -,  Ubisch bodies: -

Annotations

ornamentation perforate and microgemmate to microechinate with fossulae

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

polar view (equatorial)

2. polar view (equatorial)

aperture

3. aperture

exine surface

4. exine surface

polar area

5. polar area

dry pollen grains

6. dry pollen grains

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  2. polar view (equatorial) - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  4. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  5. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  6. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.

Literature

  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H. 2016. Viola canina. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Viola_canina/301110;jsessionid=7F48A89EABFD9B1E402EEFA6703E6083; accessed 2018-11-14

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