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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Acer platanoides

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Sapindales, Sapindaceae, Acer

Published: 2016-07-19

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, tricolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: striate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: striate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: lipids, starch,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Sam, Saskia

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

pollen grain with generative cell

4. pollen grain with generative cell

upper focus

5. upper focus

optical section

6. optical section

lower focus

7. lower focus

polar view

8. polar view

equatorial view

9. equatorial view

aperture

10. aperture

detail of aperture

11. detail of aperture

exine surface

12. exine surface

detail of polar area

13. detail of polar area

dry pollen grains

14. dry pollen grains

polar view (dry pollen grain)

15. polar view (dry pollen grain)

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

16. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

18. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

19. interapertural area of pollen wall

apertural area of pollen wall

20. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

vegetative nucleus (left) and generative cell (right)

22. vegetative nucleus (left) and generative cell (right)

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  4. pollen grain with generative cell - fresh, unfixed, aceto-carmine, photographer: Sam, S.
  5. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  6. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  7. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  8. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  9. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  10. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  11. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  12. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  13. detail of polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  14. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  15. polar view (dry pollen grain) - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  16. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  18. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  19. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Sam, S.
  20. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  22. vegetative nucleus (left) and generative cell (right) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.

Literature

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  • Biesboer DD (1976) Pollen morphology of the Aceraceae. Grana 15: 19-27
  • Bolotnikova MD (1978) Morphologie du pollen des espèces du genre Acer L., poussant en Extrême Orient. In: Grichuk M.P., Korotkii A.M. (eds) Recherches palynologiques en Extrême Orient, Vladivostok : 27-36
  • Brizicky GK (1963) The genera of Sapindales in the southeastern United States. J Arn Arb 44: 462-501
  • Candau P (1987) Aceraceae, Alismataceae, Amaranthaceae, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), Araceae, Araliaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Droseraceae, Fumariaceae, Lentibulariaceae, Linaceae, Lythraceae, Molluginaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Oleaceae, Papaveraceae,
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  • Clarke GCS, Jones MR (1978) Aceraceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 26: 181-193
  • De J (1976) Flowering and sex expression in Acer. Meded Landbouwhoogeschool 76: 170
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  • Hesse M (1978) Ultrastruktur und Verteilung des Pollenkitts in der insekten- und windblütigen Gattung Acer (Aceraceae). Pl Syst Evol 131: 277-289
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  • Philbrick CT, Boyle AL (1981) The pollen morphology of the native New England species of the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Rhodora 83: 237-258
  • Pozhidaev AE (1992) The pollen of the genus Acer (Aceraceae) and isomorphism of deviating forms of pollen in dicotyledons. Bot Journ USSR 77: 84-88
  • Pozhidaev AE (1993) Polymorphism of pollen in the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Isomorphism of deviate forms of angiosperm pollen. Grana 32: 79-85
  • Solomon WR, Durham OC, Mckay FL (1967) Aeroallergens II. Pollens and the plants that produce them. In: Sheldon J.M., Lovell R.G., Mathews K.P. (eds) A manual of clinical allergy. 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia : 340-397
  • Svobodová D (1972) Blütenökologie und Kultivaren des Spitzahorns (Acer platanoides L.). Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 2: 163-170
  • Svobodová D (1976) Der Blühverlauf der weiblichen und männlichen Blüten einiger Arten der Gattung Acer L. Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 25: 119-128
  • Svobodová D (1977) Morphologische Veränderlichkeit und die Blütenökologie der Gattung Acer L. Studie CSAV, Academia Praha : 131
  • Takeoka M (1965) Electron microscopic investigations on the surface structure of pollen membrane of trees. Sci Rept Kyoto Univ, Agr 17: 43-69
  • Wang FH, Yu CH (1954) Étude morphologique des pollens de Chine. I. Standardization de la terminologie en chinois et méthodes de préparation. Acta Bot Sinica 3: 81-104
  • Wodehouse RP (1945) Hayfever plants. Waltham Mass, USA
  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Sam S., Halbritter H. 2016. Acer platanoides. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Acer_platanoides/301249;jsessionid=C16D674F5682E2A3E435BCDE884628DE; accessed 2018-11-14

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