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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Acer pseudoplatanus

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Sapindales, Sapindaceae, Acer

Published: 2016-07-19

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, tricolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane smooth

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: striate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: striate, perforate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: lipids, starch,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Sam, Saskia

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

inflorescence(s)

2. inflorescence(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

pollen grain with generative cell

4. pollen grain with generative cell

upper focus

5. upper focus

optical section

6. optical section

lower focus

7. lower focus

polar view

8. polar view

equatorial view

9. equatorial view

aperture

10. aperture

exine surface

11. exine surface

detail of polar area

12. detail of polar area

dry pollen grains

13. dry pollen grains

polar view (dry pollen grain)

14. polar view (dry pollen grain)

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

dry pollen grain in equatorial view

16. dry pollen grain in equatorial view

Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

18. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

19. interapertural area of pollen wall

apertural area of pollen wall

20. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

vegetative nucleus and generative cell

22. vegetative nucleus and generative cell

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  2. inflorescence(s), photographer: Sam, S.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  4. pollen grain with generative cell - fresh, unfixed, aceto-carmine, photographer: Sam, S.
  5. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  6. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  7. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Sam, S.
  8. polar view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  9. equatorial view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Sam, S.
  10. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  11. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  12. detail of polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  13. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  14. polar view (dry pollen grain) - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  15. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  16. dry pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  17. Ubisch bodies on inner anther wall - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Sam, S.
  18. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  19. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Sam, S.
  20. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  21. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Sam, S.
  22. vegetative nucleus and generative cell - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Sam, S.

Literature

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  • Biesboer DD (1976) Pollen morphology of the Aceraceae. Grana 15: 19-27
  • Bolotnikova MD (1978) Morphologie du pollen des espèces du genre Acer L., poussant en Extrême Orient. In: Grichuk M.P., Korotkii A.M. (eds) Recherches palynologiques en Extrême Orient, Vladivostok : 27-36
  • Brizicky GK (1963) The genera of Sapindales in the southeastern United States. J Arn Arb 44: 462-501
  • Candau P (1987) Aceraceae, Alismataceae, Amaranthaceae, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), Araceae, Araliaceae, Cactaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Droseraceae, Fumariaceae, Lentibulariaceae, Linaceae, Lythraceae, Molluginaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Oleaceae, Papaveraceae,
  • Cao W, Zhuo LH, Huang PH, Li GF (1992) Pollen morphology and its taxonomic significance of Acer Linn. from NE China. Bull Bot Res (China) 12: 309-315
  • Clarke GCS, Jones MR (1978) Aceraceae. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 26: 181-193
  • De J (1976) Flowering and sex expression in Acer. Meded Landbouwhoogeschool 76: 170
  • Helmich DE (1963) Pollen morphology in the maples (Acer L.). Pap Michicgan Acad Sci Arts lett 48: 151-162
  • Hesse M (1978) Ultrastruktur und Verteilung des Pollenkitts in der insekten- und windblütigen Gattung Acer (Aceraceae). Pl Syst Evol 131: 277-289
  • Jacobs CA, Lersten NR (1994) Microsporogenesis and endothecial wall patterns in black maple (Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum, Aceraceae). Bull Torrey Bot Club 121: 180-187
  • Moore GT, La GRLV (1926) The identification of pollen from so-called Hay-fever plants. Ann Miss Bot Gard 13: 355-490
  • Peck CJ, Lersten NR (1991) Gynoecial ontogeny and morphology, and pollen tube pathway in black maple Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum (Aceraceae). Amer J Bot 78: 247-259
  • Philbrick CT, Boyle AL (1981) The pollen morphology of the native New England species of the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Rhodora 83: 237-258
  • Pozhidaev AE (1992) The pollen of the genus Acer (Aceraceae) and isomorphism of deviating forms of pollen in dicotyledons. Bot Journ USSR 77: 84-88
  • Pozhidaev AE (1993) Polymorphism of pollen in the genus Acer (Aceraceae). Isomorphism of deviate forms of angiosperm pollen. Grana 32: 79-85
  • Radulescu D (1967) Recherches morphopalynologiques sur les familles des Anacardiaceae, Aceraceae, et Balsaminaceae. Lucr Grad bot Bucurest : 169-185
  • Svobodová D (1972) Blütenökologie und Kultivaren des Spitzahorns (Acer platanoides L.). Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 2: 163-170
  • Svobodová D (1976) Der Blühverlauf der weiblichen und männlichen Blüten einiger Arten der Gattung Acer L. Acta Musei Silesiae Series Dendrologia 25: 119-128
  • Ueno J (1963) The stratigraphical structure of the pollen walls of Dicotyledoneae - I: Ranales and Amentiferae. Acta Phytotax Geobot 19: 137-141
  • Wodehouse RP (1945) Hayfever plants. Waltham Mass, USA
  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Sam S., Halbritter H. 2016. Acer pseudoplatanus. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Acer_pseudoplatanus/301251;jsessionid=2C0A3F16392772C492E4CDBDEA4681FF; accessed 2018-11-18

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