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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Clinopodium vulgare

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae, Clinopodium

Published: 2016-03-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: oblate,  outline in polar view: elliptic,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): elliptic,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 6,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, hexacolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented, stephanoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: reticulate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: microreticulate,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: lamellar-discontinuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch,  cell number: 3-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Annotations

endexine very thin

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie; Ulrich, Silvia

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

pollen grain with two sperm cells

4. pollen grain with two sperm cells

upper focus

5. upper focus

optical section

6. optical section

lower focus

7. lower focus

polar view

8. polar view

equatorial view

9. equatorial view

starch

10. starch

polar view

11. polar view

slightly oblique polar view

12. slightly oblique polar view

equatorial view

13. equatorial view

detail of aperture

14. detail of aperture

detail of aperture

15. detail of aperture

exine surface

16. exine surface

exine surface

17. exine surface

exine surface

18. exine surface

polar area

19. polar area

dry pollen grains

20. dry pollen grains

dry pollen grains

21. dry pollen grains

pollen grain in cross section

22. pollen grain in cross section

pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus

23. pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus

apertural area of pollen wall

24. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

25. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

26. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

27. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

interapertural area of pollen wall

28. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

29. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

30. interapertural area of pollen wall

vegetative nucleus

31. vegetative nucleus

sperm cell

32. sperm cell

vegetative cytoplasm with organells

33. vegetative cytoplasm with organells

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  4. pollen grain with two sperm cells - fresh, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. starch - fresh, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  12. slightly oblique polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  13. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  14. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  16. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  17. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  18. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  19. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  21. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  23. pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  24. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. sperm cell - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  33. vegetative cytoplasm with organells - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Ulrich S. 2016. Clinopodium vulgare. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Clinopodium_vulgare/300520;jsessionid=DFFB7D37E5E3B7697F53B459FB955C3D; accessed 2018-11-18

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