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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Clinopodium vulgare

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae, Clinopodium

Links: http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at/seiten-arten/calamintha-clinopodium-2.htm

Published: 2021-02-10

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): medium-sized (26-50 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): 41-50 µm,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): 31-35 µm,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): 41-50 µm,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 41-50 µm,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 41-50 µm,  pollen class: colpate,  polarity: isopolar,  P/E-ratio: oblate,  shape: -,  outline in polar view: elliptic,  dominant orientation (LM): polar,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): prolate,  shape (dry pollen): -,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): elliptic,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 6,  aperture type: colpus,  aperture condition: colpate, hexacolpate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented, stephanoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: scabrate, verrucate, gemmate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: microreticulate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: lamellar-discontinuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch,  cell number: 3-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Annotations: endexine very thin

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie; Ulrich, Silvia; Heigl, Helmut

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

pollen grain with two sperm cells

4. pollen grain with two sperm cells

upper focus

5. upper focus

optical section

6. optical section

lower focus

7. lower focus

polar view

8. polar view

equatorial view

9. equatorial view

starch

10. starch

hydrated pollen

11. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

12. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

13. hydrated pollen

polar view

14. polar view

slightly oblique polar view

15. slightly oblique polar view

equatorial view

16. equatorial view

detail of aperture

17. detail of aperture

detail of aperture

18. detail of aperture

exine surface

19. exine surface

exine surface

20. exine surface

exine surface

21. exine surface

polar area

22. polar area

dry pollen grains

23. dry pollen grains

dry pollen grains

24. dry pollen grains

pollen grain in cross section

25. pollen grain in cross section

pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus

26. pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus

apertural area of pollen wall

27. apertural area of pollen wall

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

28. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

29. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

30. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area

interapertural area of pollen wall

31. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

32. interapertural area of pollen wall

interapertural area of pollen wall

33. interapertural area of pollen wall

vegetative nucleus

34. vegetative nucleus

sperm cell

35. sperm cell

vegetative cytoplasm with organells

36. vegetative cytoplasm with organells

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  4. pollen grain with two sperm cells - fresh, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. upper focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. optical section - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. lower focus - fresh, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. starch - fresh, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, unstained, photographer: Heigl, H.
  12. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  13. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  14. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. slightly oblique polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  16. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  17. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  18. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  19. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  21. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  23. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  24. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall and pollenkitt in loculus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. apertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  30. pollen wall at transition of aperture and interapertural area - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  31. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  32. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  33. interapertural area of pollen wall - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  34. vegetative nucleus - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  35. sperm cell - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  36. vegetative cytoplasm with organells - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Ulrich S., Heigl H. 2021. Clinopodium vulgare. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Clinopodium_vulgare/305322;jsessionid=5D31830D916D4F65675BFEEB3A11EEAF; accessed 2021-09-19

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