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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Linaria vulgaris

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Plantaginaceae, Linaria

Published: 2016-03-01

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: -

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: reticulate,  nexine: present,  sexine: present,  SEMornamentation SEM: microreticulate,  TEMtectum: semitectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: continuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: starch, lipids,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: absent

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, Heidemarie; Ulrich, Silvia

Pictures

habitus

1. habitus

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

flower(s)

4. flower(s)

bi-cellular pollen grain

5. bi-cellular pollen grain

upper focus

6. upper focus

optical section

7. optical section

lower focus

8. lower focus

hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

9. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

pollen grains with pollenkitt

10. pollen grains with pollenkitt

hydrated pollen grain in polar view

11. hydrated pollen grain in polar view

polar view

12. polar view

hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

13. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view

equatorial view

14. equatorial view

detail of aperture

15. detail of aperture

detail of aperture

16. detail of aperture

detail of exine surface

17. detail of exine surface

exine surface

18. exine surface

polar area

19. polar area

anther hairs with pollen grains

20. anther hairs with pollen grains

anther hair with pollen grains

21. anther hair with pollen grains

dry pollen grains

22. dry pollen grains

dry pollen grains

23. dry pollen grains

pollen grain in cross section

24. pollen grain in cross section

pollen wall; aperture area; pollenkitt

25. pollen wall; aperture area; pollenkitt

pollen wall; interapertural area; pollenkitt

26. pollen wall; interapertural area; pollenkitt

pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with U + Pb

27. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with U + Pb

pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with modified Thiéry-test

28. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with modified Thiéry-test

pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with potassium permanganate

29. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with potassium permanganate

Picture legend

  1. habitus, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Halbritter, H.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  4. flower(s), photographer: Ulrich, S.
  5. bi-cellular pollen grain - dry, rehydrated (water), aceto-carmine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  6. upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  7. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  8. lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  9. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, rehydrated (water), unstained, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  10. pollen grains with pollenkitt - dry, rehydrated (water), iodine, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  11. hydrated pollen grain in polar view - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  12. polar view - fresh, DMP & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  13. hydrated pollen grain in equatorial view - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  14. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. detail of aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  16. detail of aperture - dry, rehydration (water) & DMP & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  17. detail of exine surface - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  18. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  19. polar area - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  20. anther hairs with pollen grains - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  21. anther hair with pollen grains - dry, rehydration (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  22. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  23. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  24. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  25. pollen wall; aperture area; pollenkitt - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  26. pollen wall; interapertural area; pollenkitt - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  27. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with U + Pb - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  28. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with modified Thiéry-test - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Ulrich, S.
  29. pollen wall; interapertural area; compact endexine clearly visible (electron-dense) with potassium permanganate - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, potassium permanganate, photographer: Ulrich, S.

Literature

  • Cresti M, Milanesi C, Tiezzi A, Ciampolini F, Moscatelli A (1988) Ultrastructure of Linaria vulgaris pollen grains Acta Bot. Neerl. 37: 379-386
  • FISCHER MA, ADLER W, OSWALD K (2005) Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Ulrich S. 2016. Linaria vulgaris. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Linaria_vulgaris/300529;jsessionid=146686A5491EB81CB34BAC156399F021; accessed 2018-11-15

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