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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Saponaria officinalis

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Caryophyllales, Caryophyllaceae, Saponaria

Published: 2016-06-13

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): large (51-100 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): -,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): -,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): -,  pollen class: porate,  polarity: isopolar,  P/E-ratio: -,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  dominant orientation (LM): -,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): -,  shape (dry pollen): spheroidal,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): circular,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: >6,  aperture type: porus,  aperture condition: porate, pantoporate,  aperture peculiarities: operculum, pantoaperturate

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: -,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: microechinate, perforate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: -,  infratectum: -,  foot layer: -,  endexine: -,  intine: -,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -


pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: -,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Halbritter, H.; Bombosi, P.


flowers of Saponaria officinalis

1. flowers of Saponaria officinalis

hydrated pollen grain

2. hydrated pollen grain


3. aperture

exine surface

4. exine surface

dry pollen grain

5. dry pollen grain

Ubisch bodies

6. Ubisch bodies

Picture legend

  1. flowers of Saponaria officinalis, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  2. hydrated pollen grain - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  3. aperture - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  4. exine surface - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  5. dry pollen grain - dry, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  6. Ubisch bodies - fresh, DMP & critical point dried, photographer: Bombosi, P.


  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Halbritter H., Bombosi P. 2016. Saponaria officinalis. In: PalDat - A palynological database.;jsessionid=6F66026EDB4A6DD95557B4EA8D6803B8; accessed 2020-08-14

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