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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Solanum dulcamara

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Solanales, Solanaceae, Solanum

Published: 2016-08-11

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  shape (dry pollen): prolate,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: psilate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: fossulate, microechinate,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Bombosi, Paula; Halbritter, Heidemarie

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

polar view,upper focus

4. polar view, upper focus

optical section

5. optical section

polar view,lower focus

6. polar view, lower focus

pollen grain with generative cell (arrow)

7. pollen grain with generative cell (arrow)

hydrated pollen grains

8. hydrated pollen grains

polar view

9. polar view

equatorial view

10. equatorial view

aperture

11. aperture

exine surface

12. exine surface

polar area

13. polar area

dry pollen grains

14. dry pollen grains

Ubisch bodies

15. Ubisch bodies

pollen grain in cross section

16. pollen grain in cross section

interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

17. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

aperture, intine (I), endexine (E)

18. aperture, intine (I), endexine (E)

Ubisch bodies (U)

19. Ubisch bodies (U)

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Bombosi, P.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Svojtka, M.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Svojtka, M.
  4. polar view, upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  5. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  6. polar view, lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  7. pollen grain with generative cell (arrow) - fixed, glutaraldehyde, aceto-carmine, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  8. hydrated pollen grains - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  9. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  10. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  11. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  12. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  13. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  14. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. Ubisch bodies - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  16. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  17. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  18. aperture, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  19. Ubisch bodies (U) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Bombosi, P.

Literature

  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Bombosi P., Halbritter H., Svojtka M. 2016. Solanum dulcamara. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Solanum_dulcamara/301339;jsessionid=5C4F1A9EB5CCEE6216BD547822B7A116; accessed 2018-11-13

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