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PalDat - Palynological Database

an online publication on recent pollen

Solanum dulcamara

Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Solanales, Solanaceae, Solanum

Links: http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at/seiten-arten/solanum-dulcamara.htm

Published: 2020-12-14

Pollen Description

Shape, Size and Aperture

pollen unit: monad,  dispersal unit and peculiarities: monad,  size (pollen unit): small (10-25 µm),  size of hydrated pollen (LM): 11-15 µm,  shortest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): <10 µm,  longest polar axis in equatorial view (LM): 11-15 µm,  shortest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 11-15 µm,  longest diameter in equatorial or polar view (LM): 11-15 µm,  pollen class: colporate,  polarity: isopolar,  P/E-ratio: isodiametric,  shape: spheroidal,  outline in polar view: circular,  dominant orientation (LM): oblique,  P/E-ratio (dry pollen): prolate,  shape (dry pollen): -,  outline in polar view (dry pollen): lobate,  infoldings (dry pollen): aperture(s) sunken,  aperture number: 3,  aperture type: colporus,  aperture condition: colporate, tricolporate,  aperture peculiarities: aperture membrane ornamented

Ornamentation and Structure

LMornamentation LM: psilate,  nexine: -,  sexine: -,  SEMornamentation SEM: fossulate, microechinate,  suprasculpture SEM: -,  TEMtectum: eutectate,  infratectum: columellate,  foot layer: discontinuous,  endexine: compact-continuous,  intine: monolayered,  wall peculiarities: -,  supratectal element: -

Miscellaneous

pollen coatings: pollenkitt,  reserves in cytoplasm: -,  cell number: 2-celled,  Ubisch bodies: present

Author(s) of diagnosis: Bombosi, Paula; Halbritter, Heidemarie; Heigl, Helmut

Pictures

flower(s)

1. flower(s)

flower(s)

2. flower(s)

flower(s)

3. flower(s)

polar view,upper focus

4. polar view, upper focus

optical section

5. optical section

polar view,lower focus

6. polar view, lower focus

pollen grain with generative cell (arrow)

7. pollen grain with generative cell (arrow)

hydrated pollen

8. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

9. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen

10. hydrated pollen

hydrated pollen grains

11. hydrated pollen grains

polar view

12. polar view

equatorial view

13. equatorial view

aperture

14. aperture

exine surface

15. exine surface

polar area

16. polar area

dry pollen grains

17. dry pollen grains

Ubisch bodies

18. Ubisch bodies

pollen grain in cross section

19. pollen grain in cross section

interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

20. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E)

aperture, intine (I), endexine (E)

21. aperture, intine (I), endexine (E)

Ubisch bodies (U)

22. Ubisch bodies (U)

Picture legend

  1. flower(s), photographer: Bombosi, P.
  2. flower(s), photographer: Svojtka, M.
  3. flower(s), photographer: Svojtka, M.
  4. polar view, upper focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  5. optical section - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  6. polar view, lower focus - dry, acetolyzed, unstained, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  7. pollen grain with generative cell (arrow) - fixed, glutaraldehyde, aceto-carmine, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  8. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, unstained, photographer: Heigl, H.
  9. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  10. hydrated pollen - fresh, glycerine, ruthenium red, photographer: Heigl, H.
  11. hydrated pollen grains - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  12. polar view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  13. equatorial view - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  14. aperture - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  15. exine surface - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  16. polar area - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  17. dry pollen grains - dry, sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  18. Ubisch bodies - fresh, rehydrated (water) & critical point dried & sputter coated with gold, photographer: Halbritter, H.
  19. pollen grain in cross section - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  20. interapertural area of pollen wall, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, lipid-test, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  21. aperture, intine (I), endexine (E) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, uranyl acetate & lead citrate, photographer: Bombosi, P.
  22. Ubisch bodies (U) - fresh, glutaraldehyde & osmium & potassium ferrocyanide, modified Thiéry-test, photographer: Bombosi, P.

Literature

  • Adler W, Oswald K, Fischer R. (1994) Exkursionsflora von Österreich : 1180
  • Halbritter, H (1998) Preparing living pollen material for scanning electron microscopy using 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) and criticalpoint drying. Biotechnic Histochem 73: 137–143

Copyright and Citation

Cite this publication as:

Bombosi P., Halbritter H., Heigl H., Svojtka M. 2020. Solanum dulcamara. In: PalDat - A palynological database. https://www.paldat.org/pub/Solanum_dulcamara/304462;jsessionid=2375CDA7659E44298CB34336477378BB; accessed 2021-01-21

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